North American Forests and Asian Forests


The entire area of the geographical regions is located in the Forest. The Forest is predominantly composed of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris), as well as some species of native broadleaf trees (oak, linden, hornbeam). The forest stands were established around the second half of the 1960s. Particularly in the last decade, insufficient attention has been given to their management. Only in some places have purposeful thinning and underplanting of introduced trees been carried out. However, the underplanting lacks a sophisticated framework, the compositional objective is not clear, and the species composition often does not correspond to the character of the site. At present, the area is not utilized by the botanical garden. For these reasons, it was identified as an area suitable for the creation of an exposition of geographical regions in the botanic garden's libretto and master plan.

The exposition of geographic regions should be one of the main pillars of activity for the botanical garden in the future. Covering a relatively large area, it will present Asian and North American woody plants not only as individual specimens, as commonly seen in other gardens and arboreta, but also in stands whose composition will resemble natural habitats as much as possible.

The exposition is based on showcasing Asian and American woody plants that grow in dry and sunny habitats. The successful growth of these plants will be ensured by giving the utmost consideration to the specific habitats of each taxon.

Only the peripheral section of the geographic regions area will introduce non-native species by creating a small exposition of humid Asian forests from the temperate zone.

Over the course of several decades, there will be a complete transformation of the existing forest species composition. In addition to the newly established stands, meadows or open sections will also be created, which, based on aesthetic principles, will represent various habitats and natural conditions of plants from Asia and North America.

The exposition will include diverse pathways, categorized based on the frequency of visitor traffic. A consistent and harmonious street furniture and information system is a necessity for this area. Another notable feature will be the "Treetop Walk," a network of footbridges and bridges built in the treetops. This unique element will be part of the exposition of humid Asian forests.

The plantings will be entirely tailored to the conditions of the specific location (dry, sunlit habitat), and the introduced tree species will fully respect the requirements of the habitat. This will ensure the successful long-term growth of all newly planted trees.

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